Near Searching: Specifies how close words appear together in a text.
Example: If you would like words to occur within the same sentence or paragraph, use N12 (in EBSCO) or ~12 (in JSTOR) to request that the search terms appear within 12 words of each other.
Near Searching Example (EBSCO)
Standard Search: franquista AND cine finds 606 articles
Near Search: franquista N5 cine finds 57 articles
Near Searching Example (JSTOR)
Standard Search: Spanish Civil War AND Film finds 20,686 articles
Near Search: “Spanish Civil War” ~5 finds 16 articles
Subject Headings: Subject headings are standardized controlled vocabulary that groups articles together by theme or topic. Subject headings attempt to combat challenges posed by synonyms.
Note: Subject heading terms are not universal and vary from database to database. Use a database thesaurus to locate subject headings, or view subject headings assigned to articles on a database’s search results page (if available).
Truncation/Wildcard Searching: If a search term has multiple endings, search the root word and add an asterisks (*) at the end.
Example: Franco* searches Francoist, Francoism, and Franco, Francisco
Limiters/Filters: Most databases allow you to narrow your search results according to certain criteria. Common limiters (also called filters) include: Full-text, Scholarly (Peer Reviewed) Journals, Publication Date, Publication Type, and Language.